Electronic Publication/s

David Seyfort-Ruegg

The symbiosis of Buddhism with Brahmanism/Hinduism in South Asia and of Buddhism with "local cults" in Tibet and the Himalayan region

Sitzungsbericht der philosophisch-historischen Klasse
774. Band
ISBN-13: 978-3-7001-6057-1 ISBN-13 Online: 978-3-7001-6090-8
Subject Area:
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David Seyfort-Ruegg
Preliminaries I

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Foreword V

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Table of contents XIII

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Introduction 1

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1. Śramaṇas and Brāhmaṇas: Some aspects of the relation between Hindus, Buddhists and Jainas 5

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2. On common (‘pan-Indian’) divinities within Buddhism 19

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3. Docetism in Mahāyāna Sūtras 31

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4. Kārttikeya-Mañjuśrī in the Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 35

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5. The worldly/mundane (laukika), and the matter of the popular and lay 37

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6. The common Indian religious ground or substratum and the opposition worldly/mundane (laukika) : supramundane/transmundane (lokottara) 41

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7. Symbiosis, confrontation, the subordination of the laukika through subjugation, and the issue of ‘Buddhism vs. Hinduism’: evidence from some Yogatantras 45

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8. Further remarks on the structured laukika : lokottara opposition 57

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9. The place and function of the mundane clan (laukikakula) in Kriyātantra 63

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10. The laukika : lokottara contrast in Mahāyāna Sūtras and Śāstras 69

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11. An iconic depiction of the victory of Śākyamuni Buddha over a heterodox teacher mentioned in a Tibetan source 75

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12. Subordination of the laukika level by peripheralization within a concentric maṇḍala structure 77

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13. Ritual, geographical, iconological and architectural collocation (juxtaposition), hierarchic stratification, and centrality as against peripheralization 79

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14. Further issues in the laukika : lokottara contrastive and complementary opposition 83

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15. Continuity, the substratum model in relation to the borrowing model, and the laukika : lokottara opposition as an ‘emic’ classification 87

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16. Some ‘etic’ categories previously invoked by scholars 95

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17. Paul Hacker’s concept of ‘inclusivism’ 97

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18. Harihariharivāhanodbhava-Lokeśvara: An example of Hacker’s ‘inclusivism’? 101

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19. Borrowing and substratum models for religious syncretism and/or symbiosis 105

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20.Vai87ava and Śaiva elements in the Kālacakra 115

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21. Kalkin in the Kālacakra 121

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22. On syncretism in the borderlands of Northwestern India and the western Himalaya 127

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23. The laukika : lokottara opposition in relation to the oppositions sacred : profane and spiritual : temporal 131

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24. ‘Emic’ expressions relevant to the substratum model 135

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25. Concluding remarks 143

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Appendix I 163

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Appendix II 183

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Indices 189