PUXBAUM, Hans - WINIWARTER, Wilfried (Eds.)


Advances of Atmospheric Aerosol Research in Austria




Hans  Puxbaum
is Professor i. R. and Academic Director of the "Environmental Technology and International Affairs" program at TU Vienna

Wilfried  Winiwarter
is a Professor for Systems Sciences, Innovation and Sustainability Research (ISIS) at Karl-Franzens Universität Graz, and Senior Research Scholar at IIASA (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis)



ISBN 978-3-7001-7364-9 Print Edition
ISBN 978-3-7001-7566-7 Online Edition

Interdisciplinary Perspectives 2 
2012  144 pages, 22,5x15cm
€  39,00   

Aerosols exert decisive influence to important properties of the atmosphere. Aerosols represent low concentrations of fine particles in the surrounding atmosphere which exist in solid or liquid phase. The phase difference is critical for aerosol effects to • the optical properties of the atmosphere (The radiation balance is affected by absorption or reflection of light on surfaces, with consequences to climate) • cloud formation (particles are nuclei for condensation of cloud droplets, affecting weather and climate) • atmospheric chemistry (particle surface enables and catalyzes transformation of air pollutants) • health (particles may become trapped in the respiratory tract or transfer into the cardiovascular system causing inflammations) Furthermore, fine particles may remain airborne over large distances and are important for the transport of biologically important trace compounds. They also contribute to global distribution of prebiotic structures as well as viruses, bacteria ore fungal spores. This volume compiles the achievements and contributions of Austrian research to this important field. Members from the Clean Air Commission of the Austrian Academy of Sciences and guest authors provide an overview of the state of science in Austria in its relationship to the international advances. Starting from developing measuring instruments to the results and interpretation of field campaigns, the contributions also show how measurement results are apportioned to individual sources, and how their health impacts are quantified. Another strand of methods includes emission modelling and simulation of emission abatement options, which furthermore serves to assess the regional distribution of air pollution as well as the global circulation in terms of establishing its impact to climate. The health impacts of aerosols are at least discussed in the public debate, while still not leading to the implementation of emission abatement as would be needed. The exploration of aerosol in its relation to climate has not even arrived at that stage. Considerable additional scientific attention is required. Further studies are needed on quantifying the effects of „dark“ absorbing aerosol that acts like a greenhouse gas, versus the reflecting „white“ aerosol which decreases any warming effect from anthropogenic activities. This theme will be covered to some extent by the upcoming 5th IPCC assessment report, but moreover provide ample opportunity to further contributions of Austrian aerosol scientists to a global benefit.

From the contents:

W. Winiwarter, Inventorying PM emissions; W. Höfinger, Fugitive dust emission abatement; R. Hitzenberger, Physical parameters of atmospheric aerosols; R. Hitzenberger - H. Bauer, Black and brown carbon; H. Bauer, Bioaerosols; A. Kasper-Giebl, Aerosol scavenging experiments; A. Berner - R. Hitzenberger, Time series of correlation coefficients of atmospheric PM; H. Puxbaum, Aerosol source-receptor studies; M. Neuberger, Human health effects; D. Haluza, In vitro research work; M. Amann, Integrated assessment modelling; H. Hauck, Austrian project on health effects of particulates; W. Winiwarter, Outlook

Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Austrian Academy of Sciences Press
A-1011 Wien, Dr. Ignaz Seipel-Platz 2
Tel. +43-1-515 81/DW 3402-3406, +43-1-512 9050, Fax +43-1-515 81/DW 3400
http://verlag.oeaw.ac.at, e-mail: verlag@oeaw.ac.at

Bestellung/Order


Advances of Atmospheric Aerosol Research in Austria


ISBN 978-3-7001-7364-9
Print Edition
ISBN 978-3-7001-7566-7
Online Edition


Send or fax to your local bookseller or to:

Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Austrian Academy of Sciences Press
A-1011 Wien, Dr. Ignaz Seipel-Platz 2,
Tel. +43-1-515 81/DW 3402-3406, +43-1-512 905-0 Fax +43-1-515 81/DW 3400
http://verlag.oeaw.ac.at, e-mail: verlag@oeaw.ac.at
UID-Nr.: ATU 16251605, FN 71839x Handelsgericht Wien, DVR: 0096385

Bitte senden Sie mir
Please send me
 
Exemplar(e) der genannten Publikation
copy(ies) of the publication overleaf


NAME


ADRESSE / ADDRESS


ORT / CITY


LAND / COUNTRY


ZAHLUNGSMETHODE / METHOD OF PAYMENT
    Visa     Euro / Master     American Express


NUMMER

Ablaufdatum / Expiry date:                      

    I will send a cheque           Vorausrechnung / Send me a proforma invoice
 
DATUM, UNTERSCHRIFT / DATE, SIGNATURE

BANK AUSTRIA CREDITANSTALT, WIEN (IBAN AT04 1100 0006 2280 0100, BIC BKAUATWW, BLZ 11000), KONTO-NR. 00622 800 100, BAWAG/ÖSTERREICHISCHE POSTSPARKASSE, WIEN (IBAN AT976000000002365011, BIC OPSKATWW, BLZ 60000) KONTO-NR. 2365.011, DEUTSCHE BANK MÜNCHEN (IBAN DE16 7007 0024 0238 8270 00, BIC DEUTDEDBMUC, BLZ 70070024), KONTO-NR. 2388270
  Online Edition   Table of Contents 
PUXBAUM, Hans - WINIWARTER, Wilfried (Eds.)


Advances of Atmospheric Aerosol Research in Austria





ISBN 978-3-7001-7364-9
Print Edition
ISBN 978-3-7001-7566-7
Online Edition
Interdisciplinary Perspectives 2 
2012  144 pages, 22,5x15cm
€  39,00   

Hans  Puxbaum
is Professor i. R. and Academic Director of the "Environmental Technology and International Affairs" program at TU Vienna

Wilfried  Winiwarter
is a Professor for Systems Sciences, Innovation and Sustainability Research (ISIS) at Karl-Franzens Universität Graz, and Senior Research Scholar at IIASA (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis)

Aerosols exert decisive influence to important properties of the atmosphere. Aerosols represent low concentrations of fine particles in the surrounding atmosphere which exist in solid or liquid phase. The phase difference is critical for aerosol effects to • the optical properties of the atmosphere (The radiation balance is affected by absorption or reflection of light on surfaces, with consequences to climate) • cloud formation (particles are nuclei for condensation of cloud droplets, affecting weather and climate) • atmospheric chemistry (particle surface enables and catalyzes transformation of air pollutants) • health (particles may become trapped in the respiratory tract or transfer into the cardiovascular system causing inflammations) Furthermore, fine particles may remain airborne over large distances and are important for the transport of biologically important trace compounds. They also contribute to global distribution of prebiotic structures as well as viruses, bacteria ore fungal spores. This volume compiles the achievements and contributions of Austrian research to this important field. Members from the Clean Air Commission of the Austrian Academy of Sciences and guest authors provide an overview of the state of science in Austria in its relationship to the international advances. Starting from developing measuring instruments to the results and interpretation of field campaigns, the contributions also show how measurement results are apportioned to individual sources, and how their health impacts are quantified. Another strand of methods includes emission modelling and simulation of emission abatement options, which furthermore serves to assess the regional distribution of air pollution as well as the global circulation in terms of establishing its impact to climate. The health impacts of aerosols are at least discussed in the public debate, while still not leading to the implementation of emission abatement as would be needed. The exploration of aerosol in its relation to climate has not even arrived at that stage. Considerable additional scientific attention is required. Further studies are needed on quantifying the effects of „dark“ absorbing aerosol that acts like a greenhouse gas, versus the reflecting „white“ aerosol which decreases any warming effect from anthropogenic activities. This theme will be covered to some extent by the upcoming 5th IPCC assessment report, but moreover provide ample opportunity to further contributions of Austrian aerosol scientists to a global benefit.

From the contents:

W. Winiwarter, Inventorying PM emissions; W. Höfinger, Fugitive dust emission abatement; R. Hitzenberger, Physical parameters of atmospheric aerosols; R. Hitzenberger - H. Bauer, Black and brown carbon; H. Bauer, Bioaerosols; A. Kasper-Giebl, Aerosol scavenging experiments; A. Berner - R. Hitzenberger, Time series of correlation coefficients of atmospheric PM; H. Puxbaum, Aerosol source-receptor studies; M. Neuberger, Human health effects; D. Haluza, In vitro research work; M. Amann, Integrated assessment modelling; H. Hauck, Austrian project on health effects of particulates; W. Winiwarter, Outlook



Inhaltsverzeichnisse und Leseproben sind frei zugänglich. Tables of Contents and Reading examples are freely accessible.
Vergessen Sie nicht das Login am Server, wenn Sie auf Kapitel zugreifen wollen, die nicht allgemein zugänglich sind.
Links zu diesen Dokumenten werden erst nach dem Login sichtbar.
Do not forget to Login on the server if you want to access chapters that are not freely accessible.
Links to these documents will only be visible after logon.

Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Austrian Academy of Sciences Press
A-1011 Wien, Dr. Ignaz Seipel-Platz 2
Tel. +43-1-515 81/DW 3402-3406, +43-1-512 9050, Fax +43-1-515 81/DW 3400
http://verlag.oeaw.ac.at, e-mail: verlag@oeaw.ac.at