DAHLVIK Julia - FRANZ Yvonne - HOEKSTRA Myrte - KOHLBACHER Josef


Interethnic Coexistence in European Cities

A policy handbook



ISBN 978-3-7001-8200-9
Print Edition
ISBN 978-3-7001-8249-8
Online Edition
doi:10.1553/ISR_FB046
ISR-Forschungsbericht 46 
2017  89 Seiten, 24x16,5 cm, broschiert,
€  15,–   
     
Open access


This policy handbook discusses the policy-relevant results of the JPI Urban Europe project “Interethnic Coexistence in European Cities” (ICEC). A more detailed documentation of the research approach, methodology and local results on Amsterdam, Stockholm and Vienna can be found in various publications available for download from www.icecproject.com

There is not one specific mode of interethnic coexistence – neither in the same city nor in the same neighbourhood. This is one remarkable fact uncovered by the authors of this report during their intensive field research. Interethnic coexistence works in many different ways and is extremely diverse. In our interviews, coexistence, for example in Vienna, generated such polarised messages as “[…] they have their own communities, where they meet and don’t want to have contact with us”, but also this statement of an Austrian lady: “With Turkish residents one gets a different kind of contact, as there is immediate understanding and openness [...]”. The quality of coexistence and the quantity of interethnic interaction are as heterogeneous as the case study neighbourhoods and individuals with whom we spoke. Patterns of interethnic relations are clearly marked by the social and economic status of the neighbourhoods, but are also influenced to a lesser degree by the proportion of the migrant population and the ethnic mix.

The ICEC project compared neighbourhood initiatives in Amsterdam, Stockholm and Vienna and considers their effect on local interethnic coexistence and neighbourhood belonging. The study focused on three core questions:
1. Which local initiatives best support and strengthen the integrative power of urban neighbourhoods as places of living and identification for an ethnically diverse population?
2. How does participation in such local initiatives and the initiatives themselves impact the neighbourhood belonging of local residents?
3. What kinds of differences can be found between (non)participation in top-down and bottom-up initiatives?

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Interethnic Coexistence in European Cities


ISBN 978-3-7001-8200-9
Print Edition
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doi:10.1553/ISR_FB046s67


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Thema: urban
DAHLVIK Julia - FRANZ Yvonne - HOEKSTRA Myrte - KOHLBACHER Josef


Interethnic Coexistence in European Cities

A policy handbook



ISBN 978-3-7001-8200-9
Print Edition
ISBN 978-3-7001-8249-8
Online Edition
doi:10.1553/ISR_FB046
ISR-Forschungsbericht 46 
2017  89 Seiten, 24x16,5 cm, broschiert,
€  15,–   
     
Open access


Julia Dahlvik, Yvonne Franz, Myrte Hoekstra, Josef Kohlbacher
PDF Icon  5 ENGAGING WITH PRACTITIONERS: THE DO’S AND DON’TS FOR INTERETHNIC COEXISTENCE ()
S.  67 - 75
doi:10.1553/ISR_FB046s67

Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften


doi:10.1553/ISR_FB046s67
Abstract:
“The neighbourhood is about trust and familiarity – exactly what local initiatives are doing.” In May 2017, the ICEC team in Vienna invited local residents, initiators, cooperation partners and local politicians to a final discussion of the research results. Nathalie BINDER, a co-initiator of the community garden “Matznergarten”11 in the 14th district, Florian BRAND, team member of the Urban Renewal Office for the districts 7/8/1612 and Markus RUMELHART, district mayor in the 6th district, reflected on their daily practices and effects at the neighbourhood level. Below is a selection of the most striking quotes from the debate. Reflection by Co-Initiator of the Community Garden: From the beginning, we had the vision of “Growing together” which became also our motto [for the Matznergarden]. We wanted to grow together with regard to members, but also in relation to personal growth. Of course, everyone had their own reason for joining the team, for instance the opportunity to harvest their own tomatoes. However, we all shared the same end-goal: we wanted to get to know people from the neighbourhood and to enable them to grow plants, shape their neighbourhood and talk to their neighbours. Reflection by Team Member of the Urban Renewal Office: In general, we identify in our work [on the neighbourhood level] a basic need for familiarity: familiar faces and places, as well as languages, sounds and smells. This might seem merely buzzwords. However, working at the neighbourhood level, you may translate this into concrete activities, for example, intercultural community cooking. This is why these initiatives are of such high importance: they create the small moments of familiarity in everyday life. […] We have experienced in various projects over the course of the last few years that the provision of space is one of the most important tools in our work. To a certain degree, you must provide “neutral ground” and openness [in the neighbourhood]. Reflection by District Mayor: You do not need a lot of space to create room. The most important part of this process is to get to know: is there enough commitment and motivation or ideas that can be picked up, strengthened and make more visible? And, are their specific needs [in the neighbourhood]? We’ve achieved our aim [as local politicians] when our partners become independent with their initiatives and do not need our support anymore. In addition – and here I am touching on the role of academia – we must ensure that we create sustainable knowledge, including manuals and recommendations for places that are not yet perfect. This is important to make change happen. Knowledge has to become more accessible in order to include more people into processes of co-creation.

Published Online:  2017/11/08 13:32:52
Object Identifier:  0xc1aa5576 0x003709f1

This policy handbook discusses the policy-relevant results of the JPI Urban Europe project “Interethnic Coexistence in European Cities” (ICEC). A more detailed documentation of the research approach, methodology and local results on Amsterdam, Stockholm and Vienna can be found in various publications available for download from www.icecproject.com

There is not one specific mode of interethnic coexistence – neither in the same city nor in the same neighbourhood. This is one remarkable fact uncovered by the authors of this report during their intensive field research. Interethnic coexistence works in many different ways and is extremely diverse. In our interviews, coexistence, for example in Vienna, generated such polarised messages as “[…] they have their own communities, where they meet and don’t want to have contact with us”, but also this statement of an Austrian lady: “With Turkish residents one gets a different kind of contact, as there is immediate understanding and openness [...]”. The quality of coexistence and the quantity of interethnic interaction are as heterogeneous as the case study neighbourhoods and individuals with whom we spoke. Patterns of interethnic relations are clearly marked by the social and economic status of the neighbourhoods, but are also influenced to a lesser degree by the proportion of the migrant population and the ethnic mix.

The ICEC project compared neighbourhood initiatives in Amsterdam, Stockholm and Vienna and considers their effect on local interethnic coexistence and neighbourhood belonging. The study focused on three core questions:
1. Which local initiatives best support and strengthen the integrative power of urban neighbourhoods as places of living and identification for an ethnically diverse population?
2. How does participation in such local initiatives and the initiatives themselves impact the neighbourhood belonging of local residents?
3. What kinds of differences can be found between (non)participation in top-down and bottom-up initiatives?



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Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Austrian Academy of Sciences Press
A-1011 Wien, Dr. Ignaz Seipel-Platz 2
Tel. +43-1-515 81/DW 3420, Fax +43-1-515 81/DW 3400
https://verlag.oeaw.ac.at, e-mail: verlag@oeaw.ac.at